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经常涉及的Oracle面试题

经常涉及的Oracle面试题

EMP表

经常涉及的Oracle面试题

DEPT表:

经常涉及的Oracle面试题

工资等级表 salgrade

经常涉及的Oracle面试题

题目要求:根据Oracle数据库scott模式下的emp表和dept表,完成下列操作。(1)查询20号部门的所有员工信息。select * from emp where deptno = 20;(2)查询所有工种为CLERK的员工的工号、员工名和部门名。select empno,ename,deptno from emp where job like 'CLERK';(3)查询奖金(COMM)高于工资(SAL)的员工信息。select * from emp where comm > sal;(4)查询奖金高于工资的20%的员工信息。select * from emp where comm > (sal*0.2);(5)查询10号部门中工种为MANAGER和20号部门中工种为CLERK的员工的信息。select * from emp where (deptno = 10 and job like 'MANAGER') or (deptno = 20 and job like 'CLERK');(6)查询所有工种不是MANAGER和CLERK,且工资大于或等于2000的员工的详细信息。select * from emp where job not in ('MANAGER','CLERK') and sal >= 2000 ;(7)查询有奖金的员工的不同工种。select distinct job from emp where comm is not null;(8)查询所有员工工资和奖金的和。select ename,(sal+nvl(comm,0)) salcomm from emp;(9)查询没有奖金或奖金低于100的员工信息。select * from emp where (comm is null or comm < 100) ;(10)查询各月倒数第2天入职的员工信息。select * from emp where hiredate in (select (last_day(hiredate)-1) from emp);(11)查询员工工龄大于或等于10年的员工信息。select * from emp where (sysdate - hiredate)/365 >= 10 ;(12)查询员工信息,要求以首字母大写的方式显示所有员工的姓名。select upper(substr(ename,1,1)) || lower(substr(ename,2,length(ename)-1)) from emp;(13)查询员工名正好为6个字符的员工的信息。select * from emp where length(ename)= 6 ;(14)查询员工名字中不包含字母“S”员工。select * from emp where ename not in (select ename from emp where ename like '%S%') ;select * from emp where ename not like ‘%S%’;(15)查询员工姓名的第2个字母为“M”的员工信息。select * from emp where ename like '_M%';(16)查询所有员工姓名的前3个字符。select substr(ename,1,3) from emp ;(17)查询所有员工的姓名,如果包含字母“s”,则用“S”替换。select replace(ename,'s','S') from emp ;(18)查询员工的姓名和入职日期,并按入职日期从先到后进行排列。select ename,hiredate from emp order by hiredate asc ;(19)显示所有的姓名、工种、工资和奖金,按工种降序排列,若工种相同则按工资升序排列。select ename,job,sal,comm from emp order by job desc,sal asc ;(20)显示所有员工的姓名、入职的年份和月份,若入职日期所在的月份排序,若月份相同则按入职的年份排序。select ename,to_char(hiredate,'yyyy')||'-'||to_char(hiredate,'mm') from emp order by to_char(hiredate,'mm'),to_char(hiredate,'yyyy');(21)查询在2月份入职的所有员工信息。select * from emp where to_char(hiredate,'mm') = 2 ;(22)查询所有员工入职以来的工作期限,用“**年**月**日”的形式表示。select ename,floor((sysdate-hiredate)/365)||'年'||floor(mod((sysdate-hiredate),365)/30)||'月'||cell(mod(mod((sysdate-hiredate),365),30))||'天' from emp ;(23)查询至少有一个员工的部门信息。select * from dept where deptno in (select distinct deptno from emp where mgr is not null) ;(24)查询工资比SMITH员工工资高的所有员工信息。select * from emp where sal > (select sal from emp where ename like 'SMITH') ;(25)查询所有员工的姓名及其直接上级的姓名。select staname,ename supname from (select ename staname,mgr from emp) t join emp on t.mgr=emp.empno ;(26)查询入职日期早于其直接上级领导的所有员工信息。select * from emp where empno in (select staempno from (select empno staempno,hiredate stahiredate,mgr from emp) t join emp on t.mgr=emp.empno and stahiredate < hiredate) ;(27)查询所有部门及其员工信息,包括那些没有员工的部门。select * from dept left join emp on emp.deptno=dept.deptno order by dept.deptno ;(28)查询所有员工及其部门信息,包括那些还不属于任何部门的员工。(29)查询所有工种为CLERK的员工的姓名及其部门名称。select ename,dname from emp join dept on job like 'CLERK' and emp.deptno=dept.deptno ;(30)查询最低工资大于2500的各种工作。select job from (select min(sal) min_sal,job from emp group by job) where min_sal > 2500 ;(31)查询最低工资低于2000的部门及其员工信息。select * from emp where deptno in (select deptno from (select min(sal) min_sal,deptno from emp group by deptno) where min_sal < '2000') ;(32)查询在SALES部门工作的员工的姓名信息。select ename from emp where deptno = (select deptno from dept where dname like 'SALES');(33)查询工资高于公司平均工资的所有员工信息。select * from emp where sal > (select avg(sal) from emp) ;(34)查询与SMITH员工从事相同工作的所有员工信息。select * from emp where job in (select job from emp where ename like 'SMITH') and ename not like 'SMITH' ;(35)列出工资等于30号部门中某个员工工资的所有员工的姓名和工资。select ename,sal from emp where sal =any (select sal from emp where deptno = 30) ;(36)查询工资高于30号部门中工作的所有员工的工资的员工姓名和工资。select ename,sal from emp where sal >all (select sal from emp where deptno = 30) ;(37)查询每个部门中的员工数量、平均工资和平均工作年限。select dname,count,avg_sal,avg_date from dept join (select count(*) count,avg(sal) avg_sal,avg((sysdate-hiredate)/365) avg_date,deptno from emp group by deptno) t on dept.deptno = t.deptno ;(38)查询从事同一种工作但不属于同一部门的员工信息。select distinct t1.empno,t1.ename,t1.deptno from emp t1 join emp t2 on t1.job like t2.job and t1.deptno <> t2.deptno ;(39)查询各个部门的详细信息以及部门人数、部门平均工资。Select dept.*,person_num,avg_sal from dept,(select count(*) person_num,avg(sal) avg_sal,deptno from emp group by deptno) t where dept.deptno = t.deptno ;(40)查询各种工作的最低工资。select job,min(sal) from emp group by job ;(41)查询各个部门中的不同工种的最高工资。select max(sal),job,deptno from emp group by deptno,job order by deptno,job ;(42)查询10号部门员工以及领导的信息。select * from emp where empno in (select mgr from emp where deptno=10) or deptno = 10 ;(43)查询各个部门的人数及平均工资。select deptno,count(*),avg(sal) from emp group by deptno ;(44)查询工资为某个部门平均工资的员工信息。select * from emp where sal in (select avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) ;(45)查询工资高于本部门平均工资的员工的信息。select emp.* from emp join (select deptno,avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) t on emp.deptno=t.deptno and sal>avg_sal ;(46)查询工资高于本部门平均工资的员工的信息及其部门的平均工资。select emp.*, from emp join (select deptno,avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) t on emp.deptno=t.deptno and sal>avg_sal ;(47)查询工资高于20号部门某个员工工资的员工的信息。select * from emp where sal >any(select sal from emp where deptno=20);(48)统计各个工种的人数与平均工资。select job,count(*),avg(sal) from emp group by job ;(49)统计每个部门中各个工种的人数与平均工资。select deptno,job,count(*),avg(sal) from emp group by deptno,job order by deptno,job;(50)查询工资、奖金与10 号部门某个员工工资、奖金都相同的员工的信息。select emp.* from emp join (select sal,comm from emp where deptno = 10) t on emp.sal=t.sal and nvl(emp.comm,0)=nvl(t.comm,0) and emp.deptno != 10;(51)查询部门人数大于5的部门的员工的信息。select * from emp where deptno in (select deptno from emp group by deptno having count(*)>5);(52)查询所有员工工资都大于1000的部门的信息。select * from dept where deptno in (select distinct deptno from emp where deptno not in (select distinct deptno from emp where sal < 1000)) ;(53)查询所有员工工资都大于1000的部门的信息及其员工信息。select * from emp join dept on dept.deptno in (select distinct deptno from emp where deptno not in (select distinct deptno from emp where sal < 1000)) and dept.deptno=emp.deptno;(54)查询所有员工工资都在900~3000之间的部门的信息。select * from dept where deptno in (select distinct deptno from emp where deptno not in (select distinct deptno from emp where sal not between 900 and 3000)) ;(55)查询所有工资都在900~3000之间的员工所在部门的员工信息。select * from emp where deptno in (select distinct deptno from emp where deptno not in (select distinct deptno from emp where sal not between 900 and 3000)) ;(56)查询每个员工的领导所在部门的信息。select * from (select e1.empno,e1.ename,e1.mgr mno,e2.ename mname,e2.deptno from emp e1 join emp e2 on e1.mgr=e2.empno) t join dept on t.deptno=dept.deptno ;(57)查询人数最多的部门信息。select * from dept where deptno in (select deptno from (select count(*) count,deptno from emp group by deptno) where count in (select max(count) from (select count(*) count,deptno from emp group by deptno)));(58)查询30号部门中工资排序前3名的员工信息。select * from emp where empno in (select empno from (select empno,sal from emp where deptno=30 order by sal desc) where rownum < 4) ;(59)查询所有员工中工资排在5~10名之间的员工信息。select * from emp where empno in (select empno from (select empno,rownum num from (select empno,sal from emp order by sal desc)) where num between 5 and 10 ) ;select empno from (select empno,sal from emp order by sal desc) where rownum <= 10 minus select empno from (select empno,sal from emp order by sal desc) where rownum < 5 ;(60)向emp表中插入一条记录,员工号为1357,员工名字为oracle,工资为2050元,部门号为20,入职日期为2002年5月10日。insertinto emp(empno,ename,sal,deptno,hiredate) values (1357,'oracle',2050,20,to_date('2002年5月10日','yyyy"年"mm"月"dd"日"')) ;(61)向emp表中插入一条记录,员工名字为FAN,员工号为8000,其他信息与SMITH员工的信息相同。(62)将各部门员工的工资修改为该员工所在部门平均工资加1000。update emp t1 set sal = (select new_sal from (select avg(sal)+1000 new_sal,deptno from emp group by deptno) t2 wher e t1.deptno = t2.deptno ) ;1、查询82年员工select e.* from emp e where to_char(e.hiredate, 'yy') like '82';select e.* from emp e where to_char(e.hiredate,'yyyy')='1982';2、查询32年工龄的人员 select round(sysdate-e.hiredate)/365, e.ename,e.hiredate from emp e where round((sysdate-e.hiredate)/365)=32;3、显示员工雇佣期 6 个月后下一个星期一的日期 select next_day(add_months(e.hiredate,6),2) from emp e ;4、找没有上级的员工,把mgr的字段信息输出为 "boss" select decode(e.mgr,null,'boss','中国好声音') from emp e;5、为所有人长工资,标准是:10部门长10%;20部门长15%;30部门长20%其他部门长18%select decode(e.deptno,10,e.sal*1.1,20,e.sal*1.15, e.sal*1.18) 涨工资 ,e.deptno, e.sal from emp e ;Oracle_练习与答案1.求部门中薪水最高的人 select ename,sal,emp.deptno from emp join (select deptno,max(sal) max_sal from emp group by deptno) t on (emp.deptno = t.deptno and emp.sal = t.max_sal); select ename, sal, deptno from empwhere sal in (select max(sal) from emp group by deptno);2.求部门平均薪水的等级 select deptno, avg_sal, grade from (select deptno,avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) t join salgrade on (t.avg_sal between salgrade.losal and salgrade.hisal);3. 求部门平均的薪水等级 select deptno, avg(grade) avg_sal_grade from (select deptno, grade from emp join salgrade on emp.sal between salgrade.losal and salgrade.hisal) group by deptno; 4. 雇员中有哪些人是经理人 select distinct e2.ename manager from emp e1 join emp e2 on e1.mgr = e2.empno; select ename from emp where empno in (select mgr from emp); 5. 不准用组函数,求薪水的最高值select distinct sal max_sal from emp where sal not in(select e1.sal e1_sal from emp e1 join emp e2 on e1.sal < e2.sal);select * from (select * from emp order by sal desc) t where rownum <26. 求平均薪水最高的部门的部门编号 select deptno, avg_sal from (select deptno, avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) where avg_sal =(select max(avg_sal) from(select avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) );组函数嵌套写法(对多可以嵌套一次,group by 只对内层函数有效)select deptno, avg_sal from (select deptno, avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) where avg_sal =(select max(avg(sal)) from emp group by deptno);7. 求平均薪水最高的部门的部门名称 select t1.deptno, dname, avg_sal from (select deptno,avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) t1join dept on t1.deptno = dept.deptno where avg_sal =(select max(avg_sal) from(select deptno,avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) ); select dname from dept where deptno =(select deptno from (select deptno,avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) where avg_sal =(select max(avg_sal) from(select deptno,avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) ) ); 8. 求平均薪水的等级最低的部门的部门名称 select dname from dept join (select deptno, grade from (select deptno, avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) tjoin salgrade on (t.avg_sal between salgrade.losal and salgrade.hisal) ) t on dept.deptno = t.deptno where t.grade = (select min(grade) from (select avg(sal) avg_sal from emp group by deptno) tjoin salgrade on (t.avg_sal between salgrade.losal and salgrade.hisal) );9.求部门经理人中平均薪水最低的部门名称 select dname from(select deptno, avg(sal) avg_sal from emp where empno in (select mgr from emp)group by deptno)tjoin dept on t.deptno = dept.deptno where avg_sal = (select min(avg_sal) from (select avg(sal) avg_sal from emp where empno in (select mgr from emp) group by deptno) t ); 10. 求比普通员工的最高薪水还要高的经理人名称(not in) select ename from emp where empno in (select mgr from emp) and sal > (select max(sal) from (select e2.sal from emp e1 right join emp e2 on e1.mgr = e2.empno where e1.ename is null) t ); select ename from emp where empno in (select mgr from emp) and sal > (select max(sal) from emp where empno not in (select distinct mgr from emp where mgr is not null) );//NOT IN遇到NULL则返回NULL,必须排除NULL值 11. 求薪水最高的前5名雇员 select empno,ename from (select * from emp order by sal desc) where rownum<=5; 12. 求薪水最高的第6到第10名雇(!important) select ename,sal from (select t.*,rownum r from(select * from emp order by sal desc) t ) where r>=6 and r<=10; 13. 求最后入职的5名员工select ename, to_char(hiredate,'YYYY"年"MM"月"DD"日"') hiredate from (select t.*,rownum r from (select * from emp order by hiredate desc)t )where r<=5; select ename, to_char(hiredate,'YYYY"年"MM"月"DD""') hiredate from (select t.*,rownum r from(select * from emp order by hiredate)t )where r>(select count(*)-5 from emp);以上就是经常涉及的Oracle面试题的详细内容,更多请关注小潘博客其它相关文章!

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